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Air Force’s X-37B Launches into Orbit for Top Secret Mission

The X-37B’s curious tale began in 1999 when NASA contracted Boeing’s Phantom Works (Calif.) division to build an unmanned space airplane.  The project was transferred to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency in September, 2004.  The NASA X-37A was redesigned in 2006 by a secret U.S. Air Force research unit, completing the current design, dubbed the X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV).

The craft was recently completed and has a 4.5 meter wingspan with a length of 8.9 meters.  It comes equipped with kerosene and hydrogen peroxide fuel tanks, an experimental bay, a large navigation “brain”, and likely other more secret components.

Thursday night the OTV hurled into space in what appeared to be a clean launch from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.  The X-37B OTV was carried on an Atlas V rocket, a relatively inexpensive rocket that has an extremely reliable track record.

What’s it doing in space?  Your guess is as good as anyone else’s.  And guesses tend to range from “deploying spy satellites” to “maintaining spy satellites”.

Speaking to reporters, Gary Payton, Air Force deputy under secretary for space systems, confessed that there was indeed a secretive launch.  He comments, “Well, you can’t hide a space launch, so at some point extra security doesn’t do you any good.”

The OTV will remain in orbit for nine months and then will make a landing at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.  So is it doing something with spy satellites?  Payton would only guardedly remark, “On this flight the main thing we want to emphasize is the vehicle itself, not really, what’s going on in the on-orbit phase because the vehicle itself is the piece of news here.”

Payton didn’t exact make any bold predictions of success either.  He comments, “In all honesty, we don’t know when it’s coming back for sure.  It depends on the progress we make with the on-orbit experiments and the on-orbit demonstrations.”

The X-37B project is the culmination of undisclosed hundreds millions in defense spending.  Will all that investment be worth it?  Only a select handful of Air Force and government officials will be privy to the knowledge to make that assessment.

If there’s one thing that’s one clear about the X-37B project, it’s that it aims to take a different approach to space exploration and utilization.  And it makes it clear that the U.S. isn’t ready to relinquish its domination of space quite yet.

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